The verb “to be” is the first verb students are taught in their English studies. It is used expansively in the English language studies and allow students to create simple sentences with the vocabulary they have learned to date.

The verb TO BE  is the most important verb in the English language.  It is difficult to use because it is an irregular verb in almost all of its forms.  In the simple present tense, to be is conjugated as follows:

To be: the affirmative, negative and interrogative forms.


Affirmative forms of the verb to be:

Subject Pronouns

Full Form

Contracted Form

I

am

‘m

you

are

‘re

he/she/it

is

‘s

we

are

‘re

you

are

‘re

they

are

‘re

Interrogative forms of the verb to be:

Am

I?

Are

you?

Is

he/she/it?

Are

we?

Are

you?

Are

they?

Negative Forms of the verb to be:

Subject Pronouns

Full Form

Contracted Form

I

am not

‘m not

you

are not

aren’t

he/she/it

is not

isn’t

we

are not

aren’t

you

are not

aren’t

they

are not

aren’t

 

Examples:

Is Brad Pit French?
No, he isn’t. He‘s American.
What about Angelina Joli? Is she American, too?
Yes, she is. She is American.
Are brad Pit and Angelina Joli French?No, They aren’t. They are American.