The Present Simple Tense is the basic form of the verb. It is used primarily to talk about habits, unchanging situations, general truths, and fixed arrangements.
In this page, I will explain step by step the following points:
1. How to form the present simple tense.
2. When to use the present simple tense.

How to form the present simple tense:

The affirmative form:

The simple present tense is simple to form. Just use the base form of the verb: (I take, you take, we take, they take) The 3rd person singular takes an -s at the end. (he takes, she takes)

Subject
Verb
     The Rest of the sentence
I / you / we / they
stay/ cook
at home
he / she / it
stays/ cooks

  at home

  • To regular verbs just add an s – Ex: travel >travels, give > gives, play >plays
  • To verbs that end in s, ss, sh, ch, x, and o, add an es – Ex: wash > washes, mix > mixes, go >goes
  • To verbs end in y after a consonant (any letter that isn’t a vowel), change the y to i and add es. Ex: study > studies, fly > flies

Negative form:

To make a negative sentence in English (Present Simple Tense) we generally use don’t or doesn’t with all the English verbs APART FROM To Be and Modal verbs (can, might, should etc.).

  • Affirmative: I call my mother twice a week.
  • Negative: I don’t call my mother twice a week.
  • Affirmative: John loves skiing.
  • Negative: John doesn’t love skiing.
As you can notice we simply add don’t/doesn’t between the subject and the verb.
Subject
 Auxiliary ‘to do’+not
Verb (base form)
The Rest of the sentence
I / you / we / they
don’t
sleep/ dream
fight/ pray etc.
a lot.
he / she / it
doesn’t
Interrogative form:

Yes/no questions are also formed using the auxiliary ‘to do’. But, pay attention this time, the auxiliary is placed before the subject:

Auxiliary
Subject
Example
Do
I
Do I eat?
Do
you
Do you watch TV?
Does
he
Does he drink coffee?
Does
she
Does she love her job?
Does
it
Does it bark loud?
Do
we
Do we believe his story?
Do
they
Do they smoke in the classroom?
WH- questions (questions starting with Wh-words such as “what”, “who”, “why”, “when” and “where”) are also created by putting  the auxiliary do before the subject:
Statement
Yes/no question
WH- question
I love cherries
Do I love cherries?
What do I love?
You play guitar.
Do  you play guitar?
Why do you play guitar?
He buys the French fries.
Does he buy the French fries?
why does he buy
the French fries?

When to use  the Present simple tense:

We use the present simple tense, when talking about:

  • General Truth
  • Facts
  • Habitual events
  • Daily Routine
  • Giving Directions and Instructions