Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal  Verbs are verbs followed by a preposition or an adverb; the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb alone.

Phrasal verbs are part of a large group of verbs called “multi-part” or “multi-word” verbs. The preposition or adverb that follows the verb is sometimes called a particle.

Phrasal Verbs
1. Some Phrasal Verbs are transitive. (A transitive verb always has an object.)

Example: I made up an excuse. (‘Excuse’ is the object of the verb.)


2. Some Phrasal Verbs are   intransitive . (An intransitive verb does not have an object.)

Example: My car broke down.

Separable or inseparable phrasal verbs :

1. Some transitive Phrasal Verbs are separable. (The object is between the verb and the preposition.)
 

Example: I looked the word up in the dictionary.

2. Some transitive Phrasal Verbs are inseparable  (The object is placed after the 
preposition.)

Example: I will look into the matter as soon as possible.
3. Some transitive Phrasal Verbs can take an object in both places.
 
Example: I picked the book up.
I picked up the book.

However, if the object is a pronoun, it must be placed between the verb and the 
preposition.

Example: I picked it up.
Examples of Phrasal Verbs:
    • Ask out – to ask someone to go on a date.
    • Back up – to move backwards; to make a copy of something in case the original is destroyed or lost.
    • Come off – to appear or seem to another person.
    • Doze off – to fall asleep, usually accidentally.
    • Eat up – to eat all of something; to consume; to greatly disturb emotionally.
    • Fart around – to waste or spend time doing pointless or unnecessary things.
    • Get along with – to have a good relationship with; to progress or handle.
    • Hold up – to cause a delay; to rob someone, usually threatening violence.
    • Iron out – to remove small problems or irregularities from.
    • Jazz up – to make something more interesting or exciting.
    • Kick in – to take effect (as in a drug); to break something by kicking it; to contribute money.
    • Laugh off – to pretend something serious isn’t important.
    • Make out – to make a check payable to; to pretend.
    • Name after – to give someone the same name as another person so as to honor that person.
    • Own up – to confess.
    • Pack up – to finish or stop doing something; to collect things and put them into a container.
    • Quiet down – to become silent.
    • Rattle off – to quote information quickly off the top of one’s head.
    • Scrape by – to just barely manage to accomplish something.
    • Tag along – to go with someone, especially when you weren’t invited.
    • Use up – to finish or consume all of something.
    • Veg out – to relax, doing nothing.
    • Water down – to make something weaker or less offensive.
    • Yammer on – to talk continuously, especially in an annoying way.
    • Zone out – to not pay attention, allowing your mind to go blank.

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