Phrasal verbs are part of a large group of verbs called “multi-part” or “multi-word” verbs. The preposition or adverb that follows the verb is sometimes called a particle.
Example: I made up an excuse. (‘Excuse’ is the object of the verb.)
Example: My car broke down.
Separable or inseparable phrasal verbs :
Example: I looked the word up in the dictionary.
2. Some transitive Phrasal Verbs are inseparable (The object is placed after the preposition.)
However, if the object is a pronoun, it must be placed between the verb and the preposition.
- Ask out – to ask someone to go on a date.
- Back up – to move backwards; to make a copy of something in case the original is destroyed or lost.
- Come off – to appear or seem to another person.
- Doze off – to fall asleep, usually accidentally.
- Eat up – to eat all of something; to consume; to greatly disturb emotionally.
- Fart around – to waste or spend time doing pointless or unnecessary things.
- Get along with – to have a good relationship with; to progress or handle.
- Hold up – to cause a delay; to rob someone, usually threatening violence.
- Iron out – to remove small problems or irregularities from.
- Jazz up – to make something more interesting or exciting.
- Kick in – to take effect (as in a drug); to break something by kicking it; to contribute money.
- Laugh off – to pretend something serious isn’t important.
- Make out – to make a check payable to; to pretend.
- Name after – to give someone the same name as another person so as to honor that person.
- Own up – to confess.
- Pack up – to finish or stop doing something; to collect things and put them into a container.
- Quiet down – to become silent.
- Rattle off – to quote information quickly off the top of one’s head.
- Scrape by – to just barely manage to accomplish something.
- Tag along – to go with someone, especially when you weren’t invited.
- Use up – to finish or consume all of something.
- Veg out – to relax, doing nothing.
- Water down – to make something weaker or less offensive.
- Yammer on – to talk continuously, especially in an annoying way.
- Zone out – to not pay attention, allowing your mind to go blank.