Infinitive VS Gerund
Infinitive Versus Gerund:
A: These verbs can be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive:begin, continue, like, hate, love, prefer, start, etc.
- They began cleaning the school at night.
- We like to cook dinner but hate to clean the apartment.
B: These verbs must be followed by a gerund:appreciate, avoid, dislike, enjoy, keep, miss, quit, etc.
- Keep moving or just avoid participating in such competitions.
- She misses being the Diva.
C: These verbs must be followed by an infinitive:ask, decide, encourage, expect, hope, intend, learn, plan, seem, tell, want, etc.
- He asked her to collaborate , and she decided to accept.
- I expect her to work hard at school and planned to give her a scholarship to university.
D: These 2 and 3-word verbs must be followed by a gerund:accustomed to, believe in, look forward to, put off, take care of, think about, etc.
- We’re looking forward to seeing you next semester.
- He’s accustomed to working alone and he doesn’t think about changing his methods.
E: These 4 verbs are usually followed by pronoun + the base form of a verb: make, have, let, and help.
- Dad makes me love French and has me enjoy summer school.
- My mother let me watch her cooking her delicious recipes and helped me learn the secrets.