Forming Adjectives

Lots of adjectives are lexical words in their own right, they exist separately of any other word, or are the root word of a word family.

For example: Good, bad, ugly.

Other adjectives are inflected forms of other words, derived notably from verbs.

For example: Charming, interesting, lost.

Verb
Adjective
Enjoy
Enjoyable
Help
Helpful
Obey
Obedient
Play
Playful
Talk
Talkative

Other adjectives can be formed from nouns.

For example:

Beautiful (from beauty).

Suffix
Noun-adjective
Noun-adjective
Noun-adjective
-al
Relating to
Accident – accidental
Region – regional
Brute – brutal
Person – personal
Region – regional
Universe –universal
-ary
Relating to
quality
Or place
Custom – customary
Compliment –
complimentary
Moment –
momentary
Honor –
Honorary
Caution –
cautionary
Diet – dietary
-ful
Full of
Beauty – beautiful
Skill – skillful
Wonder – wonderful
Success – successful
Awe – awful
Delight – delightful
-ic
Having the nature of;
Caused by
Athlete – athletic
Photograph – photographic
Base – basic
Science – scientific
History – historic
Rhythm– rhythmic
-ical
Having the nature of
Magic – magical
Practice – practical
Logic – logical
Statistic – statistical
History – historical
Alphabet – alphabetical
-ish
Origin, nature
Fool – foolish
Sheep – sheepish
Child – childish
Pink – pinkish
Self – selfish
Girl – girlish
-less
Without
Power – powerless
Use – useless
Friend – friendless
Home – homeless
Worth – worthless
Penny – penniless
-like
Like
Like – lifelike
Child – childlike
Lady – ladylike
Bird – birdlike
War – warlike
Spring – springlike
-ly
Like
Friend – friendly
Day – daily
Cost – costly
Order – orderly
Month – monthly
Coward – cowardly
-ous
Quality, nature
Poison – poisonous
Courtesy – courteous
Danger – dangerous
Mystery – mysterious
Nerve – nervous
Victory – victorious
-y
Like
Rain – rainy
Mess – messy
Fun – funny
Dirt – dirty
Dirt – dirty
Spot – spotty

Or motionless (from motion). Or even from other adjectives.

For example: 

yellowish (from yellow)

Adjective

Adjective

comic

comical

correct

corrective

elder

elderly

red

reddish

sick

sickly

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