Dynamic VS Static (Stative) Verbs

Dynamic verbs describe action and can be used with continuous tense while Static verbs refer to a state or condition (non-action) and will remain in the simple tense and cannot normally change to continuous tense unless there is a change in the meaning.

Dynamic VS Static:

Dynamic VS Static



Dynamic verbs describe action and can be used with continuous tense while Static verbs refer to a state or condition (non-action) and will remain in the simple tense and cannot normally change to continuous tense unless there is a change in the meaning.
Dynamic Verbs:
  1. Naome and Sam are playing tennis-table.
  2. They play everyday.
  3. It is their habit to go playing against other schools.
  4. They played yesterday and they will play again tomorrow and after tomorrow.
  5. They were playing this morning and had played loudly until a neighbour called the police.
As you can see from the above examples, dynamic verbs can be used in simple and perfect tense forms (play, played, have played, had played) and the continuous or progressive forms (are playing, were playing, have been playing, had been playing).

Static Verbs:

  1. She hates birds.
  2. My mother loves Turkish series.
  3. I like Sushi.
  4. Do you own a house?
  5. The book contains valuable information.
  6. She believes in Allah.

The above verbs (hate, love, like, own, contain and believe) show either a perception or a relation to the subject which has no action. Note that you cannot use static verbs in a continuous tense e.g. the sentence “She is believing in Allah” is out of context. The word “believe” is a state, not action therefore it should stay in the simple tense.

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