Future simple tense, my students’ favourite tense, is a tricky and a funny tense at the same time. In grammar, the future simple tense is a verb form that marks the event described by the verb as not having happened yet, but expected to happen in the future.

Future simple tense expresses a spontaneous decision, an assumption with regard to the future or an action in the future that cannot be influenced. In this page, I will explain step by step the following points:

  1. How to form the future simple tense.
  2. When to use the future simple tense.

How to form the future simple tense:

The affirmative form:

We form the future tense using the base form of the infinitive (without the ‘TO’ of infinitive) and the invariable auxiliary verb ‘Will’.

Subject
+
Auxiliary verb will
+
Main verb
I, you, he, she, it, we, you and they
Invariable
 
Base
Will
V1

Negative form:

To make a negative sentence in English (Future Simple Tense) we generally use will not or won’t with all the English verbs.

  • Affirmative: I will play chess and brain games.
  • Negative: I won’t play chess and brain games.

As you can notice we simply add will not (won’t) between the subject and the verb. 

 
Subject
Auxiliary verb
 
Main verb
Complement
+
I
Will
 
Open
The door.
+
You
Will
 
Finish
Before me.
She
Will
Not
Be
At school tomorrow.
We
Will
Not
Leave
Yet.
?
Will
You
 
Arrive
On time?
?
Will
They
 
Want
Dinner?

 Interrogative form:

Yes/no questions are also formed using the auxiliary ‘will’. But, pay attention this time, the auxiliary is placed before the subject:

Auxiliary
Subject
Example
Will
I
Will I win?
Will
you
Will you accept his offer?
Will
he
Will he surrender?
Will
she
Will she kill the cat?
Will
it
Will it smoke?
Will
we
Will we leave the town?
Will
they
Will they organize the party?

WH- questions (questions starting with Wh-words such as “what”, “who”, “why”, “when” and “where”) are also created by putting  the auxiliary will before the subject:

Statement
Yes/no question
WH- question
I will eat cherries
Will I eat cherries?
What will I eat?
You will play guitar.
Will you play guitar?
How many times a week will you play guitar?
He will prepare French fries.
Will he prepare French fries?
why will he prepare French fries?

When to use  the future simple tense:

1: To predict a future event:

  • It will rain tomorrow.
  • He will sell it.

2: (With I/we) to express a spontaneous decision:

  • I’ll pay for the tickets by credit card.
  • A: ‘I’ve a terrible headache’.

B: ‘I’ll give an aspirin’.

3: To express willingness:

  • I’ll do the housework tasks. He’ll prepare dinner for you.
  • I’ll compose the music. You’ll sing it.

4: (in the negative form) to express unwillingness:

  • The baby won’t eat his soup. I won’t leave until I’ve seen the manager!
  • This is a weird place. I won’t enter without protection.

5: (with I in the interrogative form) to make an offer:

  • Shall I open the window?
  • Shall we go there?

6: (with we in the interrogative form) to make a suggestion:

  • Shall we go to the cinema tonight?

7: (with I in the interrogative form) to ask for advice or instructions:

  • What shall I tell the boss about the file?

8: (with you) to give orders:

  • You will do exactly as I say.

9: (with you) to give an invitation:

  • Will you come to the dance club with me? 
  • Will you marry me?