1/Comparatives Vs Superlatives:
Comparatives and Superlatives are special forms of adjectives. They are used to compare two or more things. Generally, comparatives are formed using -er and superlatives are formed using -est.

Comparative adjectives signify more. They approximately always end in -er.
Examples: hotter happier taller smaller easier.
Superlatives denote most. They approximately always end in -est.
Examples: hottest happiest  tallest  smallest easiest.

2/Forming Comparatives and Superlatives:

Frequently, adjectives that have only one syllable or end in ‘y’ use ‘er’ to form comparatives and ‘est’ to form


For adjectives ending in y, change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ before adding the ‘er’ or ‘est’.

old – older – oldest

young – younger – youngest

pretty – prettier – prettiest

happy – happier – happiest

Adjectives that have two or more syllables do not change but as an alternative add more to form comparatives and most to form superlatives.

beautiful – more beautiful – most beautiful

hard-working – more hard-working – most hard-working

Some adjectives have different forms of comparatives

and superlatives. They may be called the irregular adjectives.

good – better – best

bad – worse – worst

little – less – least

much (many) – more – most

far – further – furthest

The word than typically appears in comparative sentences.

  • My father is taller than my mother.
  • Keanu is more cheerful than Sandra.
  • Superlatives are typically accompanied by the word the.
  • Fez is the oldest city in Morocco.
  • My aunt’s daughters are the most beautiful girls in my family.