Comparative adjectives signify more. They approximately always end in -er.
Examples: hotter happier taller smaller easier .
Superlatives denote most. They approximately always end in -est.
Examples: hottest happiest tallest smallest easiest .
2/Forming Comparatives and Superlatives:
Frequently, adjectives that have only one syllable or end in ‘y’ use ‘er’ to form
comparatives and ‘est’ to form superlatives. For adjectives ending in y, change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ before adding the ‘er’ or ‘est’.
old – older – oldest
young – younger – youngest
pretty – prettier – prettiest
happy – happier – happiest
Adjectives that have two or more syllables do not change but as an alternative add more to form comparatives and most to form superlatives.
beautiful – more beautiful – most beautiful
hard-working – more hard-working – most hard-working
Some adjectives have different forms of comparatives and superlatives. They may be called the irregular adjectives.
good – better – best
bad – worse – worst
little – less – least
much (many) – more – most
far – further – furthest
The word than typically appears in comparative sentences.
- My father is taller than my mother.
- Keanu is more cheerful than Sandra.
- Superlatives are typically accompanied by the word the.
- Fez is the oldest city in Morocco.
- My aunt’s daughters are the most beautiful girls in my family.