1. Adverbs of frequency include (from most often to least often):
- always usually often sometimes occasionally seldom rarely never.
2. If the sentence has one verb (e.g. no auxiliary verb) put the adverb in the middle of the
sentence after the subject and before the verb.
- Tom usually goes to work by car.
3. Adverbs of frequency come after the verb ‘be’.
- I am never late for work.
4. If the sentence has more than one verb (e.g. auxiliary verb), put the adverb of frequency
before the main verb.
- They have often visited Rome.
5. When using adverbs of frequency in the question or negative form, put the adverb of frequency before the main verb.
- Do you usually get up early?
|Frequency||Adverb of Frequency||Example Sentence|
|100%||always||I always go to bed before 11pm.|
|90%||usually||I usually have cereal for breakfast.|
|80%||normally / generally||I normally go to the gym.|
|70%||often* / frequently||I often surf the internet.|
|50%||sometimes||I sometimes forget my wife’s birthday.|
|30%||occasionally||I occasionally eat junk food.|
|10%||seldom||I seldom read the newspaper.|
|5%||hardly ever / rarely||I hardly ever drink alcohol.|
|0%||never||I never swim in the sea.|
RULES ABOUT THE ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY:
- Frequency adverbs can be placed at various points in the sentence, but are most commonly used before the main verbs and after be verbs.
- The adverbs seldom, rarely, never and hardly ever are considered negative.
OTHER FREQUENCY ADVERBS AND EXPRESSIONS:
Every other day/week
Once a week/month/year
Twice a year/day, etc.
(Every) once in a while
Every so often
These expressions are used at the beginning and end of sentences, not before main verbs.
Every once in a while I go to the cinema. (Correct)
I go to the cinema every once in a while. (Correct)
I every once in a while go to the cinema. (Incorrect)
These words can come at various points in the sentence.
I regularly check up.
I check up regularly.